[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (autumn 2020) ::
علوم زراعی 2020, 22(3): 239-251 Back to browse issues page
Effect of additive and replacement intercropping ratios of forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) on forage production
Naghme Ashoori, Mehrdad Abdi Dr., Farid Golzardi , Jalil Ajalli, Mohammad Nabi Ilkaee
Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.
Abstract:   (513 Views)

To evaluate forage production and land equivalent ratio (LER) in additive and replacement intercropping systems of forage sorghum and berseem clover, a field experiment was conducted using randomized complete block design with eight treatments and three replications at the research field station of Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, Iran, in 2016-17 and 2017-18 growing seasons. The experimental treatments consisted of eight intercropping ratios: 75% sorghum + 25% clover (S75C25), 50% sorghum + 50% clover (S50C50), 25% sorghum + 75% clover (S25C75), as replacement intercropping systems and100% sorghum + 50% clover (S100C50), 50% sorghum + 100% clover (S50C100), 100% sorghum + 100% clover (S100C100), as additive intercropping systems, as well as sorghum monoculture (S100C0) and clover monoculture (S0C100). In this experiment, dry forage yield of sorghum and clover, equivalent yield of sorghum and clover, crude protein content, dry matter digestibility, crude protein yield, digestible dry matter yield and LER for dry forage and protein production were evaluated. The results showed that the highest equivalent yield of sorghum, equivalent yield of clover, crude protein, and digestible dry matter yield were obtained from S100C100 treatment with 37598, 17915, 3163, and 17754 kg.ha-1, respectively. S100C50 also ranked in the superior group with 16455 kg.ha-1 of digestible dry matter. The highest land equivalent ratios for dry forage and protein production (1.61 and 1.71, respectively) were calculated for S100C100. S100C50 and S50C100. According to the results of this study, additive intercropping of 100% sorghum + 100% clover can be recommended as the superior intercropping system to meet sustainable agricultural goals in production of these two forage crops.

Keywords: Berseem clover, Crude protein, Dry matter digestibility, Equivalent yield and Land equivalent ratio.
Full-Text [PDF 706 kb]   (142 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Scientific & Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/10/6 | Accepted: 2020/10/24 | Published: 2020/11/30
1. Agegnehu, G., A. Ghizaw and W. Sinebo. 2006. Yield performance and land use efficiency of barley and faba bean mixed cropping in Ethiopian highlands. Eur. J. Agron. 25: 202-207.##Ahmad, A.H., R. Ahmad, N. Mahmood and A. Tanveer. 2007. Performance of forage sorghum intercropped with forage legumes under different planting patterns. Pak. J. Bot. 39: 431-439.##Ahmadi, F., M.R. Moradi Telavat and S.A. Siadat. 2017. Effect of manure application and intercropping ratios on forage yield and quality of oat (Avena sativa L.) and berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.). Iran. J. Crop Sci. 18(3): 245-256. (In Persian with English abstract).##Ahmadvand, G. and S. Hajinia. 2016. Ecological aspects of replacement intercropping patterns of soybean (Glycine max L.) and millet (Panicum miliaceum L.). J. Agroecol. 7(4): 485-498. (In Persian with English abstract).##Aydemir, S.K. and M. Kızılşimşek. 2019. Assessing yield and feed quality of intercropped sorghum and soybean in different planting patterns and in different ecologies. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 6: 5141-5146.##Banik, P., A. Midya, B.K. Sarkar and S.S. Ghose. 2006. Wheat and chickpea intercropping systems in an additive series experiment: Advantages and weed smothering. Eur. J. Agron. 24: 325-332.##Cong, W.F., E. Hoffland, L. Li, J. Six, J.H. Sun, X.G. Bao, F.S. Zhang and W. Van Der Werf. 2015. Intercropping enhances soil carbon and nitrogen. Global Change Biol. 21: 1715-1726.##Dahmardeh, M., A. Ghanbari, B.A. Siahsar and M. Ramroudi. 2012. Evalution of forage yield and protein content of maize and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) in intercropping. Iran. J. Crop Sci. 13(4): 658-670. (In Persian with English abstract).##Forsatian, S., N. Majnoun Hosseini, S. Hosseini and V. Mohammadi. 2009. Study of the effect of sorghum intercropping with cowpea and soybean on yield of fodder sorghum. Iran. J. Field Crop Sci. 40(3): 143-150. (In Persian with English abstract).##Ghosh, P.K., M.C. Manna, K.K. Bandyopadhyay, A.K. Ajay Tripathi, R.H. Wanjari, K.M. Hati, A.K. Misra, C.L. Acharya and A.S. Rao. 2006. Interspecific interaction and nutrient use in soybean/sorghum intercropping system. Agrono. J. 98: 1097-1108.##Ghosh, P.K., A.K. Tripathi, K.K. Bandyopadhyay and M.C. Manna. 2009. Assessment of nutrient competition and nutrient requirement in soybean/sorghum intercropping system. Eur. J. Agron. 31: 43-50.##Golzardi, F., S. Vazan, H. Moosavinia and G. Tohidloo. 2012. Effects of salt and drought stresses on germination and seedling growth of swallow wort (Cynanchum acutum L.). Res. J. Appl. Sci. Eng. Technol. 4(21): 4524-4529.##Golzardi, F., A. Baghdadi and R. Keshavarz Afshar. 2017. Alternate furrow irrigation affects yield and water-use efficiency of maize under deficit irrigation. Crop Pasture Sci. 68(8): 726-734. ##Golzardi, F., Sh. Nazari and V. Rahjoo. 2019. Sorghum Cultivation. ETKA Publication. (In Persian).##Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., P. Ambus and E.S. Jensen. 2001. Interspecific competition, N use and interference with weeds in pea-barley intercropping. Field Crops Res. 70(2): 101-109.##Hibberd, J.M., J.E. Sheehy and J.A. Langdale. 2008. Using C4 photosynthesis to increase the yield of rice-rationale and feasibility. Curr. Opin. Plant. Biol. 11: 228-231.##Inal, A., A. Gunes, F. Zhang and I. Cakmak. 2007. Peanut/maize intercropping induced changes in rhizosphere and nutrient concentrations in shoots. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 45: 350-356.##Iqbal, M.A., A. Hamid, T. Ahmad, M.H. Siddiqui, I. Hussain, S. Ali, A. Ali and Z. Ahmad. 2019. Forage sorghum-legumes intercropping: effect on growth, yields, nutritional quality and economic returns. Bragantia. 78(1): 82-95. ##Khazaei, A., A. Fouman, V. Rahjoo and F. Golzardi. 2019. Sorghum Cultivation (Handbook). Agricultural Education Publication. (In Persian).##Li, L., L. Zhang and F. Zhang. 2013. Crop mixtures and the mechanisms of overyielding. Encycl. Biodivers. 2: 382-395.##Lithourgidis, A.S., I.B. Vasilakoglou, C.A. Dordas and M.D. Yiakoulaki. 2006. Forage yield and quality of common vetch mixtures with oat and triticale in two seeding ratios. Field Crop Res. 99: 106-113.##Majidi Dizadj, H., D. Mazaheri, Gh. Sabahi and M. Mirab Zadeh. 2014. Evaluation of the yield and quality in sainfoin and alfalfa intercropping. Iran. J. Crop Sci. 16(1): 51-61. (In Persian with English abstract).##Mead, R. and R.W. Willey. 1980. The concept of a land equivalent ratio and advantages in yields for intercropping. Exp. Agric. 16: 217-228.##Muhammad, D., B. Misri, M. El-Nahrawy, S. Khan and A. Serkan. 2014. Egyptian Clover (Trifolium alexandrinum), King of Forage Crops. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa, Cairo, Egypt.##Pal, U.R. and Y. Sheshu. 2001. Direct and residual contribution of symbiotic nitrogen fixation by legumes to the yield and nitrogen uptake of maize (Zea mays L.) in the Nigerian Savannah. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 187: 53-58.##Raseduzzaman, M.D. and E.S. Jensen. 2017. Does intercropping enhances yield stability in arable crop production? A meta-analysis. Eur. J. Agron. 91: 25-33.##Sadeghpour, A., E. Jahanzada, A.S. Lithourgidisb, M. Hashemia, A. Esmaeilic and M.B. Hosseini. 2014. Forage yield and quality of barley-annual medic intercrops in semi-arid environments. Int. J. Plant. Prod. 8 (1): 77-90.##Salehi, Z., R. Amirnia, E. Rezaeichiyaneh, H. Khalilvandi Behrozyar. 2018. Evaluation of yield and some qualitative traits of forage in intercropping of triticale with annual legumes. J. Agric. Sci. Sustain. Prod. 28(4): 59-76. (In Persian with English abstract).##Shobeirri, S.S., D. Habibi, A. Kashani, F. Paknejad, H. Jafari and J. Lamei. 2011. Study of dry forage yield and quality of hairy vetch and triticale in pure stand and mixed cropping. Iran. J. Crop Sci. 13(2): 269-281. (In Persian with English abstract).##Yu, Y., T.J. Stomph, D. Makowski and W. Van Der Werf. 2015. Temporal niche differentiation increases the land equivalent ratio of annual intercrops: A meta-analysis. Field Crops Res. 184: 133-144. ##
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ashoori N, Abdi M, Golzardi F, Ajalli J, Ilkaee M N. Effect of additive and replacement intercropping ratios of forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) on forage production. علوم زراعی. 2020; 22 (3) :239-251
URL: http://agrobreedjournal.ir/article-1-1044-en.html

Volume 22, Issue 3 (autumn 2020) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علوم زراعی ایران Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4299