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:: Volume 21, Issue 2 (Summer 2019 2019) ::
علوم زراعی 2019, 21(2): 173-187 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of yield potential and resistance to rhizoctonia (Rhizoctonia solani) disease of new sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) hybrids
Hasan Ebrahimi Koulaei , Hamed Mansouri , Mohsen Aghaeezadeh , Rahim Mohammadian , Jamshid Soltani , Keyvan Fotouhi , Mastaneh Sharifi
Sugar Beet Research Department, Hamedan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Hamedan, Iran
Abstract:   (7198 Views)
Rhizoctonia root rot disease is considered as one of the important diseases in sugar beet. Using resistant cultivars decreses production costs, especially application of fungicides and increases the efficiency in controlling of root rot disease. Therefore, growing of resistant cultivars is considered the best approach for disease control. To achieve this goal and to determine yield potential of new sugar beet hybrids resistant to Rhizoctonia root rot disease, 92 hybrids as well as susceptible and resistant cultivars were evaluated in two experiments in research field of Ekbatan station of Hamedan, Iran in 2016. Considering the experimental results and with respect to the average effect of pollinators and single crosses, 20 hybrids were selected and evaluated in Karaj, Hamedan, Ghazvin, Torbate Jam and Shiraz regions in 2017. Evaluation of hybrids in term of resistance to rhizoctonia was simultaneously performed under micro-plot conditions in Hamedan. In both years (2015 and 2016), the experiment was conducted in randomized complete block design with six replications. The results of resistance evaluation under micro-plot conditions reavealed that five hybrids consisting; 9, 13, 16, 4 and 18 were more resistant than cv. Ekbatan for resistance to rhizoctonia root rot disease. Yield potential evaluation in different locations showed that new hybrids had desirable level of yield potential and most of them had no significant difference with cv. Ekbatan.Considering the results of resistance to rhizochtonia disease and yield potential evaluation, three hybrids no. 4 (SC(P.395*P.90)*P.165), no. 9 (SC(P.395*P.90)*P.121) and no. 16 (SC(P.395*P.23)*P.165) that were more resistance with higher yield potential in comparison with cv. Ekbatan were identified as promising hybrids for being evaluated in Value for Cultivation and Use (VCU)  test.
Keywords: Rhizoctonia, Root rot disease, Root yield, Sugar beet and Sugar yield.
Full-Text [PDF 671 kb]   (1290 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Scientific & Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/09/16 | Accepted: 2019/09/16 | Published: 2019/09/16
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Ebrahimi Koulaei H, Mansouri H, Aghaeezadeh M, Mohammadian R, Soltani J, Fotouhi K et al . Evaluation of yield potential and resistance to rhizoctonia (Rhizoctonia solani) disease of new sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) hybrids. علوم زراعی 2019; 21 (2) :173-187
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Volume 21, Issue 2 (Summer 2019 2019) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علوم زراعی ایران Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences
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