[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 22, Issue 2 (Summer 2020 2020) ::
علوم زراعی 2020, 22(2): 168-182 Back to browse issues page
Effect of irrigation interval and nitrogen fertilizer rate on grain yield and yield components of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cv. Hashemi
Masoud Kavoosi , Mohammad reza Yazdany
Rice Research Institute of Iran, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (736 Views)
Irrigation water deficit is an important factor that affect rice production in the world as well as Guilan province in Iran. Intermittent irrigation method can be applied to compensate for the water shortage in rice growing areas, however, it would affect other crop mangement practices such as fertilizer application and mangement. Therefore, this experiment was conducted to determine optimum fertilizer nitrogen requirement in different irrigation regimes using split plot arrangements in randomized complete block design with three replications in Rice Research Institute, Iran in 2015 and 2016 growing seasons. Irrigation regimes included at five levels (permanent submergence, intermittent irrigation with 5, 8, 10 and 15 day intervals) were assigned to main plots and nitrogen fertilizer  at sixlevels (0, 30, 45, 60,75 and 90 kg Nha-1 from urea source) were randomized in sub-plots. Planting, crop husbandry and harvesting pratcices were done according to RRII recommendations. The results showed that effects of irrigation regime and nitrogen fertilizer application rates were significant on the grain yield, biological yield and most of the studied traits. Among irrigation regimes, intermittent irrigation of five days interval with 3278 kg.ha-1 had significantly higher grain yield. The highest grain yield (3388 kg.ha-1) was also obtained from application of 90 kg N.ha-1. The irrigation water consumption in intermittent irrigation with five days interval was 379 m3.ha-1 less than permanent submergence irrigation. Regarding to this fact, that highest grain yield (4335 kgha-1) and highest water productivity (688 g.m-3) beloged to intermittent irrigation with five days intervaland 90 kgN.ha-1 application. This combination of irrigation interval and N fertilizer application rates can be recommended for heavy textured soils of paddy fields in Guilan province.  
Keywords: Intermittent irrigation, Nitrogen, Rice, Water productivity and 1000 grain weight.
Full-Text [PDF 586 kb]   (176 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Scientific & Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/06/11 | Accepted: 2020/08/31 | Published: 2020/08/31
1. رفرنس های متنی مثل خروجی کراس رف را در اینجا وارد کرده و تایید کنید Ahmed, M., M. D. Monirul Islam and S. K. Paul. 2005. Effect of nitrogen on yield and other plant characters of local Aman rice, var. Jatai. Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 1(2): 158-161.##Aliabbasi, H., M. Kavousi, M. Esfahani and B. Rabiei. 2009. The effects of nitrogen fertilization on yield of rice (Khazar) and its components in a paddy field of Guilan province. J. Sci. Technol. Agric. Natur. Resour. 4: 293-306. (In Persian with English abstract)##Asadi, R., M. Rezaei and M. K. Moatamed. 2004. A simple procedure to mitigate drought condition in Mazandaran paddy field. J. Drought Aridity. 14: 87-91. (In Persian with English abstract).##Babazadeh, S. 2012. Effect of different nitrogen and application methods on yield and yield component of hybrid rice (Daylam). Iranian J. Field Crop Res.9 94): 728-734. (In Persian with English abstract).##Bouman, B. A. M. and T. P. Tuong. 2001. Field water management to save water and increase its productivity in irrigated lowland rice. Agric. Water Manage. 49(1,2): 11-30.##Cassman, K. G. and P. L. Pingali. 1995. Extrapolating trends from long-term experiments to farmer's fields: The case of irrigated rice systems in Asia. pp 63-84. In: Barnett, V., R. Payne, and R. Steiner, (Eds.). Agricultural Sustainability in Economic, Environmental and Statistical Terms, Wiley, London.##Castillo, E. G., R. J. Buresh and K. T. Ingram. 1992. Lowland rice yield as affected by timing of water deficit and nitrogen fertilization. Agron. J. 84: 152-159##Chapman, H. D. and P. E. Pratt. 1961. Methods of analysis for soil plants and water. University of California, Los Angles. 60-61, 150-179.##Chataurvedi, I. 2005. Effect of nitrogen fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of hybrid rice (Oryza sativa). J. Central Europ. Agric. 4: 611- 618.##Esfahani, M., H. R. Ali Abbasi, B. Rabiei and M. Kavousi. 2007. Improvement of nitrogen management in rice paddy fields using chlorophyll meter (SPAD). Paddy Water Environ. 6(2): 181-188.##Faraji, F. 2009. Determination of rate and time of nitrogen fertilizer requirement for Khazar rice cultivar by chlorophyll meter (SPAD-502). MSc Thesis, University of Guilan. Iran. (In Persian with English abstract).## Faraji, F., M. Esfahani, M. Kavousi, M. Nahvi and B. Rabiei. 2012. Effect of amounts and methods of nitrogen fertilizer application on growth indices and grain yield of Khazar rice cultivar. Iran. J. Field Crop Sci. 43(2): 323-333. (In Persian with English abstract).##Faraji, A. and A. F. Mirlohi. 1999. Effects of amount and application time of nitrogen fertilizer on yield and yield component of rice in Esfahan. J. Sci. Technol. Agric. Natur. Sci. 3(2): 25-33. (In Persian with English abstract). ##Gee, G. W. and J. W. Bauder. 1988. Particle Size Analysis. pp. 383-411, In: Klute, A. (Ed.) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part1. SSSA. Madison, WI. USA.##Günter, E. A. and Y. S. Ovodov. 2005. Effect of calcium, phosphate and nitrogen on cell growth and biosynthesis of cell wall polysaccharides by Silene vulgaris cell culture. J. Biotechnol. 117: 385-393.##McLean, E. O. 1990. Soil pH and Lime Requirement. pp. 199-224, In: Page, et al., (Eds.) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. SSSA. Madison, WI. USA.##Mannan, M. A., M. S. U. Bhuiya, H. M. A. Hossain and M. I. M. Akhand. 2010. Optimization of nitrogen rate for aromatic Basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.). Bangladesh J. Agric. Res. 35(1): 157-165.##Nahvi, M., M. Allahgholipour, M. Ghorbanpour and H. Mehrgan. 2003. Effect of cultivation space and nitrogen fertilizer rates on hybrid rice. Pajouhesh Sazandagi Agric. Hort. 66: 14-23. (In Persian with English abstract).##Nahvi, M., M. R. Yazdani and H. Rahim Soroush. 2000. Effects of periods of intermittent irrigation on water consumption, yield and yield components of rice. Proceeding of 9th Iranian Committee of Irrigation and Drainage. 23-24, Oct. 1998, Tehran, Iran. (In Persian with English abstract). ##Nelson, D. W. and L. E. Sommers. 1990. Total Carbon, Organic Carbon, and Organic Matter. P. 539-579, In: Page et al., (Eds.) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. SSSA. Madison, WI. USA.##Olsen, S. R., C. V. Cole, F. S. Watanabe and C. A. Dean. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorous in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. US Department of Agriculture Circular. No. 939, 19(1954).##Patnaik, M. C. and A. Sathe. 1993. Influence N, K and CaSO4 on utilization of sulphur by rice in red sandy loam soil. J. Agric and Biol. 22: 75-79.##Prasertsak, A. and S. Fukai. 1997. Nitrogen availability and water stress interaction on rice growth and yield. Field Crops Res. 52: 249-260. ##Rezaei, M. and M. Nahvi. 2007. Effect of different irrigation management methods on water use efficiency and rice yield. Agric. Sci. 1(9): 15-25. (In Persian with English abstract).##Sadrzade, S. M. 2002. Investigation on the effects of nitrogen and potassium fertilizers on yield and yield components of Khazar rice cultivar. MSc Thesis, University of Guilan. Iran. (In Persian with English abstract).##Saha, A. R., K. Sarkar and Y. Yamagishi. 1998. Effect of time of nitrogen application on spikelet differentiation and degeneration of rice. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sci. 39: 119-123.##Schneider, A. 1997. Release and fixation of potassium by a loamy soil as affected by initial water content and potassium status of soil samples. Europ. J. Soil Sci. 48: 263-271.##Taghizade, M., M. Esfahani, N. Davatgar, and H. Madani. 2008. Effects of irrigation management and nitrogen fertilizer on yield and yield component of rice (Oryza sativa L.). New Finding Agric. 4: 353-364. (In Persian with English abstract).##Tran, T. T., M. Nakata-Kano, M. Takeda, D. Menge, S. Mitsuya, Y. Inukai, and A. Yamauchi. 2014. Nitrogen application enhanced the expression of developmental plasticity of root systems triggered by mild drought stress in rice. Plant Soil. 378: 139-152. ##Watanabe, H., Y. Kakegava and V. S. Hong. 2010. Evaluation of the management practice for controlling herbicide runoff from paddy fields using intermittent and spillover-irrigation schemes. Paddy Water Environ. 8: 81-90.##Yazdani, M.R. and R. Asadi. 2010. Evaluation of response of rice lines and varieties to different periods of intermittent irrigation. Final Report of Research Project. Rice Research Institute of Iran. Rasht. (In Persian with English abstract).##
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kavoosi M, Yazdany M R. Effect of irrigation interval and nitrogen fertilizer rate on grain yield and yield components of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cv. Hashemi. علوم زراعی. 2020; 22 (2) :168-182
URL: http://agrobreedjournal.ir/article-1-1009-en.html

Volume 22, Issue 2 (Summer 2020 2020) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علوم زراعی ایران Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4269