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:: دوره 22، شماره 2 - ( تابستان 1399 ) ::
جلد 22 شماره 2 صفحات 140-151 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
ارزیابی اثر پراکنش مکانی علف‌های هرز بر عملکرد دانه عدس (.Lens culinaris L) در شرایط دیم
نگین زرگریان، علیرضا باقری، ایرج نصرتی، فرزاد مندنی
پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه رازی
چکیده:   (225 مشاهده)
علف­های هرز یکی از مهم­ترین عوامل کاهش عملکرد در گیاهان خانواده بقولات هستند، بنابراین آگاهی از برهمکنش علف‌های هرز و گیاه زراعی و نیز شناخت الگوی نوسانات مکانی آن‌ها در مزرعه برای کاهش خسارت آنها بر گیاهان زراعی حائز اهمیت است. به منظور ارزیابی اثر علف­های هرز بر عملکرد دانه عدس و بررسی الگوی توزیع مکانی آن‌ها، آزمایشی طی سال زراعی 95-1394 در مزرعه تحقیقاتی پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه رازی اجرا شد. نمونه­برداری سیستماتیک از صفات و شاخص‌های علف­­های هرز شامل تراکم، درصد تاج پوشش، ارتفاع و وزن خشک بوته و گیاه عدس شامل درصد تاج پوشش و عملکرد دانه در دو مرحله قبل از گلدهی و در زمان رسیدگی فیزیولوژیکی عدس انجام شد. روابط بین علف­های هرز و عملکرد دانه عدس با استفاده از روابط رگرسیونی و نقشه‌های مربوط به صفات علف‌های هرز و عدس نیز با استفاده از روش درون‌یابی کریجینگ استخراج شدند. نتایج نشان داد که با افزایش تراکم و درصد تاج پوشش علف‌های هرز از صفر تا 10 (بوته در  متر مربع و یا درصد) عمکرد عدس به ترتیب 2/6 و 7/6 گرم در متر مربع کاهش یافت. افزایش وزن خشک علف علف‌های هرز از صفر تا 10 گرم در متر مربع  منجر به کاهش عملکرد عدس به مقدار 4/2 گرم در متر مربع شد. نقشه­های توزیع مکانی نیز نشان‌دهنده تغییرات مکانی عملکرد دانه عدس تحت تأثیر علف­های هرز بود. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که استفاده از نقشه­های مکانی صفات و شاخص‌های علف‌های هرز و عدس در کنار روش‌های مرسوم، روش تکمیلی دقیق و مناسبی جهت درک و تفسیر بهتر روابط بین آن‌ها است.
واژه‌های کلیدی: بقولات، رقابت علف‌های هرز، زمین‌آمار، کاهش عملکرد و عدس
متن کامل [PDF 833 kb]   (70 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1397/7/29 | پذیرش: 1399/6/10 | انتشار: 1399/6/10
فهرست منابع
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Zargarian N, Bagheri A, Nosratti I, Mondani F. Evaluation of the effect of spatial distribution of weeds on seed yield of lentil (Lens culinaris L.) in rainfed conditions. علوم زراعی. 2020; 22 (2) :140-151
URL: http://agrobreedjournal.ir/article-1-913-fa.html

زرگریان نگین، باقری علیرضا، نصرتی ایرج، مندنی فرزاد. ارزیابی اثر پراکنش مکانی علف‌های هرز بر عملکرد دانه عدس (.Lens culinaris L) در شرایط دیم. نشریه علوم زراعی ایران. 1399; 22 (2) :140-151

URL: http://agrobreedjournal.ir/article-1-913-fa.html



دوره 22، شماره 2 - ( تابستان 1399 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
نشریه علوم زراعی ایران Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences
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